Nenets are reindeer herders, migrating across the Yamal peninsula,
thriving for more than a millennium with temperatures from minus 50°C in
winter to 35°C in summer. Their annual migration of over a 1000 km
includes a 48 km crossing of the frozen waters of the Ob River.
discovery of oil and gas reserves in the 1970s and the expanding
infrastructure on the peninsula, has challenged their indigenous
lifestyle. From the late Stalin period, all children have been enrolled
in Soviet boarding schools, this has become a part of the typical Nenets